Remote sensing technology is one of the most effective environmental monitoring tools. Remote sensing data allow you to receive objective independent information and to solve problems regarding the preservation of the safe environment, biodiversity and natural landscapes in protected and valuable natural areas.
The results of the thematic analysis of satellite imagery can be successfully used in the following areas:
- the landscape and geomorphological mapping of natural areas;
- the integrated environmental monitoring of protected areas, including the identification of cases of illegal economic activity, violations of forestry regulations and areas of man-made pollution impacts;
- the comprehensive monitoring of forest use and its environmental status, including the real-time monitoring of felling and fires, the identification of areas of forest vegetation die-back as a result of the hydrological regime changes, as well as the impact of pests and diseases;
- the comprehensive environmental monitoring of water bodies, including the identification of turbidity (mineral suspended solid particles pollution), flowering, thermal anomalies, and industrial discharge zones;
- the identification of areas of natural vegetation degradation resulting from man-made pollution;
- the identification of high dust pollution zones on the basis of the snow cover analysis;
- the mapping of oil-contaminated sites in the areas of hydrocarbon raw material extraction and transportation, and the evaluation of the effectiveness of reclamation in disturbed areas;
- the real-time radar monitoring of sea pollution with surface active substances, including oil and oil products;
- the identification of unauthorized dumps of solid domestic and industrial waste; the monitoring of existing landfills, determining their compliance with the design documentation parameters and environmental standards, as well as the assessment of their impact on the environment of surrounding areas;
- the monitoring of environmental conditions in urban areas; in particular, the assessment of vegetation, green and forest parks in settlements;
- the monitoring of the effects of man-made emergencies related to environmental pollution, the assessment of damage and the efficiency of work on the accident aftermath elimination.