Meteorological satellites are a source of information about the state of the atmosphere and the underlying surface. Data from 11 meteorological polar-orbiting satellites comes daily to SCANEX L- and X-band receiving stations. The automatic data processing system can make photos and themed products almost in real time without any human intervention. Information obtained from meteorological satellites is used for weather analysis and forecasting, including the prediction of severe weather events, emergencies, monitoring the state of vegetation, and determining the level of air and water body pollution.
Scanning radiometers, microwave and IR probes on meteorological satellites provide the necessary information to obtain a significant set of data:
- air temperature and humidity,
- ocean and land surface temperature,
- chlorophyll content in water,
- cloud top temperature and height,
- precipitation intensity,
- cloud and snow cover mask,
- snow water content,
- ozone integral content and vertical profile,
- atmosphere aerosol optical thickness,
- fire points,
- vegetation indices.
Prompt income, a large number of satellites, and a large width of the swath (> 2000 km) provide updates of data several times per hour. The use of data from meteorological satellites can improve the accuracy of short-range weather forecasting and act as an early warning system for adverse weather phenomena. The data is also used to solve problems in the fields of meteorology, hydrology, oceanography, meteorology, aviation and others. The data from meteorological satellites is also important for monitoring fires, floods, dust and sand storms, strong convection patterns, and other potentially dangerous natural phenomena.