Hunting and fishing
The problems of conserving aquatic and terrestrial biological resources—marine and freshwater fisheries as well as hunted animal species—are becoming increasingly important. The key questions are the strengthening of control over their hunting, the rehabilitation and acclimatization of new species, and the maintenance of the ecological balance in the habitat. The most important aspects are also the census and inventory of biological resources habitats and the improvement of hunting areas, fishing farms, and other facilities.
Amongst all this activity, a significant role can be played by the use of remote sensing data, which allows us to obtain accurate, objective, and promptly updated information on a variety of environmental condition parameters based on the thematic analysis.
The information support of the hunting resources, sites, and commercial species habitats analysis can be carried out on the local, regional, and federal levels.
Remote sensing data are indispensable in performing the following tasks:
- The landscape mapping and updating of data on the state of the environment in the habitats of commercial species
- The inventory of wildlife animals’ habitats within game farms, especially in protected and other areas, which provides data to assess the probable number of target species
- The integrated environmental monitoring of habitats of wildlife animals and the assessment of the dynamics of changes in the natural environment and anthropogenic load
- The analysis of the availability and condition of infrastructure on hunting farms, commercial farms, and other facilities;
- The assessment of the environmental status and internal changes dynamics in the water bodies that are the habitats for aquatic biological resources
- The control of navigation in the areas closed to fishing and in protected areas
- The real-time control of the environmental situation in the seas
- The assessment of adherence to the boundaries of the licensed areas and the rules of use of fixed nets